About Harbin

About Harbin


Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province and sub provincial city, is located in the northeast part of Northeast China Plain and the southern part of Heilongjiang province. It is an important central city in Northeast China and an important manufacturing base of the country. Till 2015, Harbin covers a total area of 53,100 square kilometers, including the area of municipal districts of 10198 square kilometers, with 9 municipal districts and 7 counties, and 2 county-level cities. The resident population is 10,665,000.

Harbin, located in the center of Northeast Asia, known as the Pearl of the Eurasia Continental Bridge, is an important hub of the first Eurasian Continental Bridge and air corridor, and Chinese historical and cultural city, hot tourist city and international cultural city of ice and snow as well. It is the  center city of frontier development and opening up , Northeast Asia regional central city and Center City in cooperation with Russia, which are strategically positioned by the national government.

In 2015, Harbin achieved a GDP of RMB 575,120,000,000, an increase of 7.1% over the previous year. In it, the first industry achieved up to RMB 67,260,000,000 added value, an increase of 7.2%; the second industry achieved up to RMB186,280,000,000 added value, an increase of 4.1%; the third industry achieved up to RMB 321,580,000 000 added value, an increase of 9.3%. The three industry structure was adjusted from 11.7:33.4:54.9 in the previous year to 11.7:32.4:55.9.



Influenced by the northern nomadic tradition, as early as in the 1990s, hiking has become a custom in Harbin. In fact, after the liberation, hiking has been welcomed by the public. Many companies and institutions organized workers to go hiking in spring, summer and winter. With the improvement of people's living standard, hiking is developed into a large-scale touring activity and an essential part in culture and entertainment.


In Harbin,  any hiking is inseparable with a picnic. There is a historical origin for the picnicking custom here. Influenced by the eating habits of the northern minorities and the lifestyle of later immigrants from Europe, Harbin citizens have formed a habit of picnicking since the 1990s.

Winter Swimming

Winter swimming is a unique sport which is one cultural characteristic of Harbin, which suggests the strong body and will of Harbin people who are not afraid of the cold and ice. In winter, the outdoor temperature dropped to -10 to -20 degree. Winter swimmers dig the ice and build a swimming pool on Songhua River. Most of the time, the swimmers go into the water at 5 to 6 o’clock before sunrise, while the show of winter swimming is usually between 10 to 14 o’clock.

Beer Drinking

Harbin began to produce beer in the early twentieth century. The Harbin brewery was founded in 1900 with a history of more than 100 years. The annual consumption of Harbin beer is about 300000 tons, with the per capita beer consumption ranking first in China. The leading beer brands here are “Harbin” and “New Sanxing”.  

Ice Lantern Show

Ice Lantern in Harbin  began in the early 1960s, which is developed from the simple and crude  traditional folk art. Based on the garden art, with architecture and sculpture art as it means of expression, the Ice Lanterns are in fact a collection of ice scenery with electricity and light within them. From the second half of last century, ice lanterns have become a representative of the ice and snow culture and art in Harbin. The annual Ice Festival and Ice Art Expo have become a gallery of ice lantern art, attracting a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.