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时间:2017-06-09作者:文章来源:国际合作教育学院浏览:14

斋月

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Muslim lunar calendar. Healthy adult Muslims fast in Ramadan from dawn until dusk. This includes abstaining from drinking, eating, immoral acts and anger. Other acts of worship such as prayer, reading the Quran and charity are also encouraged during Ramadan.

Muslims also believe that the Quran was revealed in Ramadan.

During the holy month, Muslims would wake up early to eat a pre-dawn meal called suhoor, and they break their fast with a meal referred to as iftar.

It is common for mosques to host large iftars, especially for the poor and needy. Nightly prayers called Tarawih are also held in mosques after iftar.

Different cultures have different traditions during Ramadan, whether it is a special food they must cook, or eating iftar with the extended family. Islamic tenets, such as generosity, inspired most of these traditions, such as sharing food and inviting guests over  for iftar.

Still too many who say that fasting is from sunrise to sunset. It's not. It's from dawn to sunset.

When is Ramadan?

Since Ramadan is part of a lunar calendar, its date annually changes on the Gregorian calendar. Muslims tend to wait for the new month's moon to appear before they announce the first day of Ramadan. However, they can still estimate the day beforehand.  This year 27 May is the first day of Ramadan.

How long is Ramadan?

Lunar months last between 29 to 30 days depending on when the new moon is sighted. If the moon is not seen on the night of the 29th, then Ramadan lasts for the full 30 days. The Eid al-fitr celebration marks the end of the month, when Muslims celebrate a successful month of fasting and worship.

why do Muslims fast in Ramadan?

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. There is also a verse in the Quran that prescribes fasting for all Muslims who are mature and healthy enough to fast for the full day.  So, Muslims fast as an act of worship, a chance to get closer to God and a way to become more compassionate to those in need.

Fasting is also seen as a way to learn patience and break bad habits.

As the month of Ramadan starts,talk respectfully, treat others kindly,walk modestly and pray sincerely.

May Allah bless you and your family.

穆斯林为什么要过斋月:

1、体验那久违的饥饿,知道世界上有很多人在挨饿,激发内心的慈悲和仁爱。

2、能为而不为,锻炼自身坚韧。

3、宁心静气,思考人生智慧。

4、将生物的欲望激发到最大,明白欲望的可怕。

5、开斋细品,不舍浪费,明白食物的珍贵,感谢真主的赐予。

6、身体原始机能的调动,清除体内多余脂肪和毒素,改善新陈代谢。

7、体会虚弱,学会善待自己的身体。明白自己的渺小,学会谦卑。

8、封斋,还可使身体、心灵洁净,洁净才能祈祷有效。封斋是穆斯林五功之一。

9、让人通过封斋时间,知天时,知地理。